Imperial Temple of Heaven in Beijing

It is known that the area of ​​China is about 6% of the land, and the area is equal to the total area of ​​China in all European countries. This could not but affect the diverse and rich cultural heritage of this magnificent country.

It originated in China, the philosophy of Confucianism, it is here that there was green tea and it is here from time immemorial produced the finest china and the best silk. With regard to the various attractions, the hallmark of this country is considered to be the Great Wall of China – the ancient fortification, which has no analogues in the world today. The second most popular attractions shared some of the Chinese capital. One of these popular destinations is the Imperial Temple of Heaven in Beijing.

The history and architecture of the Temple of Heaven

In ancient times in China believed that the emperor is a messenger of the heavens and that is why between earth and sky to be a special bond. This connection supports and strengthens the annual solemn prayer, which was accomplished on the day of the winter solstice. Nearly five hundred years of emperors came to a special temple to after a rigorous three-day fasting bring Heaven generous gifts. It was believed that only the emperor can access heaven with prayers and pleas for the welfare and prosperity of the state.


A place for prayer was chosen the most advanced in terms of architecture, the temple – the Temple of Heaven. This sanctuary was built during the Ming Dynasty in 1420, the year in the south-eastern part of Beijing. First, the temple called the Temple of Heaven and Earth, but a short time later to worship the ground was built separate temple. Temple of Heaven, like most other buildings in China, full of symbolism and detail, which is embedded in a thin sense. Virtually no part here is not accidental – all the elements of construction represent the relationship between heaven and earth, and the color, shape, and sound in this church combines harmoniously.


The temple is divided arbitrarily into two parts – the heavenly and the earthly. Palace Square, located in the western part of the complex resembles a small Forbidden City – one more famous landmark in Beijing. It refers to the heavenly part rounded prayer hall and a round Altar of Heaven. Previously, China believes that the earth is square and Heaven round – is based on these concepts and the main buildings were made mansion. Before the erection of this sacred place, the architects were careful calculation, to each element of construction serve certain goals. For example, the Altar of Heaven erected so that the number of components of its marble slabs equals nine. It is no coincidence that the number of – the number nine is sacred in China, and is considered a lucky. By the way, if you stand in the center of the top plate and say something, then in the room there is a strong resonance and even quietly spoken word sounds very grand and impressive. Another symbolic element is the Gate of the Temple of Heaven, which are located on the four corners of the earth, symbolizing the four basic elements, which are devoted and four of the 28 columns in the Hall of Prayer victims.On 12 columns in the same room mean months of the year and hours per day.

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